Dependency Container

Slim uses a dependency container to prepare, manage, and inject application dependencies. Slim supports containers that implement the Container-Interop interface. You can use Slim’s built-in container (based on Pimple) or third-party containers like Acclimate or PHP-DI.

How to use the container

You don’t have to provide a dependency container. If you do, however, you must inject the container instance into the Slim application’s constructor.

$container = new \Slim\Container;
$app = new \Slim\App($container);

Add a service to Slim container:

$container = $app->getContainer();
$container['myService'] = function ($container) {
    $myService = new MyService();
    return $myService;
};

You can fetch services from your container explicitly or implicitly. You can fetch an explicit reference to the container instance from inside a Slim application route like this:

/**
 * Example GET route
 *
 * @param  \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $req  PSR7 request
 * @param  \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface      $res  PSR7 response
 * @param  array                                    $args Route parameters
 *
 * @return \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface
 */
$app->get('/foo', function ($req, $res, $args) {
    $myService = $this->get('myService');

    return $res;
});

You can implicitly fetch services from the container like this:

/**
 * Example GET route
 *
 * @param  \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $req  PSR7 request
 * @param  \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface      $res  PSR7 response
 * @param  array                                    $args Route parameters
 *
 * @return \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface
 */
$app->get('/foo', function ($req, $res, $args) {
    $myService = $this->myService;

    return $res;
});

To test if a service exists in the container before using it, use the has() method, like this:

/**
 * Example GET route
 *
 * @param  \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $req  PSR7 request
 * @param  \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface      $res  PSR7 response
 * @param  array                                    $args Route parameters
 *
 * @return \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface
 */
$app->get('/foo', function ($req, $res, $args) {
    if($this->has('myService')) {
        $myService = $this->myService;
    }

    return $res;
});

Slim uses __get() and __isset() magic methods that defer to the application’s container for all properties that do not already exist on the application instance.

Required services

Your container MUST implement these required services. If you use Slim’s built-in container, these are provided for you. If you choose a third-party container, you must define these required services on your own.

settings
Associative array of application settings, including keys:
  • httpVersion
  • responseChunkSize
  • outputBuffering
  • determineRouteBeforeAppMiddleware.
  • displayErrorDetails.
  • addContentLengthHeader.
  • routerCacheFile.
environment
Instance of \Slim\Interfaces\Http\EnvironmentInterface.
request
Instance of \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface.
response
Instance of \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface.
router
Instance of \Slim\Interfaces\RouterInterface.
foundHandler
Instance of \Slim\Interfaces\InvocationStrategyInterface.
phpErrorHandler
Callable invoked if a PHP 7 Error is thrown. The callable MUST return an instance of \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface and accept three arguments:
  1. \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface
  2. \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface
  3. \Error
errorHandler
Callable invoked if an Exception is thrown. The callable MUST return an instance of \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface and accept three arguments:
  1. \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface
  2. \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface
  3. \Exception
notFoundHandler
Callable invoked if the current HTTP request URI does not match an application route. The callable MUST return an instance of \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface and accept two arguments:
  1. \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface
  2. \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface
notAllowedHandler
Callable invoked if an application route matches the current HTTP request path but not its method. The callable MUST return an instance of \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface and accept three arguments:
  1. \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface
  2. \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface
  3. Array of allowed HTTP methods
callableResolver
Instance of \Slim\Interfaces\CallableResolverInterface.